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  1. Development of feeding practices during the first 5 years of life.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To understand the transition from breast-and bottle-feeding to solid-feeding and factors that might affect the duration of breast-and bottle-feeding.

    Design 

    Cohort followed up from birth with relatively well-educated, middle-class parents.

    Setting 

    Community sample recruited from 3 suburban newborn nurseries (a teaching hospital, community hospital, and large health maintenance organization).

    Participants 

    One hundred ninety-one healthy fullterm infants.

    Measures 

    Assessment of feeding practices through the ages of complete weaning from breast-and bottle-feeding.

    Results 

    More than 90% of participants breast-fed for at least 2 weeks.

    Infants of older mothers were weaned from the breast later than infants of younger mothers.

    First-born infants were weaned from the breast earlier than later-born infants.

    Eighty-four percent of infants bottle-fed at some time during the first year of life.

    More than 40% of the cohort was still receiving bottles at 24 months of age, 16% at 36 months, and 8% at 48 months.

    The duration of breast-and bottle-feeding was related to maternal work status ; mothers who returned to work during the first 3 months postpartum weaned sooner from the breast and later from the bottle than women who returned to work after 3 months postpartum.

    Conclusions 

    The frequency of late bottle-weaning in this well-educated, middle-class cohort was unexpected and was related to the timing of the mother's return to work. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alimentation, Diversification, Sevrage, Etude comparative, Statut social, Reprise travail, Mère, Facteur sociodémographique, Etude cohorte, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Nouveau né, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Feeding, Diversification, Weaning, Comparative study, Social status, Back to work, Mother, Sociodemographic factor, Cohort study, United States, North America, America, Newborn, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0153612

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 16/11/1999.