The purpose of this study was to use a health information network and innovative technology to coordinate tuberculosis care.
An innercity medical center, a local health department, and a home care nurse service in northern Manhattan were used.
The organizations were linked with computer networks.
An automated decision support system with a natural language processor was used to detect tuberculosis cases and report them to the health department, and to select patients for respiratory isolation.
Educational materials were placed on the World Wide Web and a Web-based kiosk.
Home care nurses were outfitted with wireless pen-based computers, and data were relayed to the medical center.
Automated tuberculosis case reporting resulted in time savings but not improved accuracy.
Automated rules resulted in significant improvements in respiratory isolation.
Kiosk educational materials were well-used.
Wireless computing led to better access to information for both nurses and physicians, but not to reduction of workload.
The key success element was recognition of critical priorities.
It is concluded that innovative technology can facilitate the coordination of clinical care, public health, and home care.
Mots-clés Pascal : Informatique biomédicale, Prise décision, Assistance ordinateur, Communication, Technologie information, Coordination, Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Diagnostic, Isolation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Biomedical data processing, Decision making, Computer aid, Communication, Information technology, Coordination, Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Diagnosis, Insulation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0152283
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 16/11/1999.