Comparing participants and nonparticipants in a smoking cessation trial : Selection factors associated with general practitioner recruitment activity.
We studied the relationship between smokers'sociodemographic characteristics, their smoking habit, health status, and the probability of their having been approached for recruitment in the smoking cessation trial performed in Turin, Italy, with the aim of gathering information on the role of selection criteria adopted by general practitioners (GPs) in offering anti-smoking counseling.
The 965 smokers who were offered participation in the trial were matched to a sample of eligible smokers (n=277), selected from the rosters of the 42 GPs collaborating in the trial, who had not been invited to participate.
The probability of being offered enrollment, estimated through a multiple conditional logistic regression model, assuming the GP as the matching variable, was significantly increased for intermediate (10-19 cigarettes per day : odds ratio [OR]=4.13 ; 95% confidence interval [CI] : 2.63-6.47) and heavy (20 cigarettes per day or more : OR=10.12 ; 95% CI : 6.51-15.75) smokers, for smokers diagnosed with chronic cardiovascular (OR=2.06 ; 95% Cl : 1.19-3.58), or respiratory (OR=2.50 ; 95% CI : 1.40-4.48) diseases, and for smokers mentioning an intermediate number (2-4) of past quit attempts (OR=3.70 ; 95% CI : 2.18-6. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Italie, Europe, Homme, Evaluation, Sevrage toxique, Critère sélection, Médecin généraliste, Etude comparative, Questionnaire, Etude longitudinale, Essai clinique, Recrutement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Italy, Europe, Human, Evaluation, Detoxification, Selection criterion, General practitioner, Comparative study, Questionnaire, Follow up study, Clinical trial, Recruitment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0148875
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 16/11/1999.