Recent literature has demonstrated that psychiatric patients, particularly those with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, may be at high risk for HIV infection.
In fact, HIV-risk behaviour, such as intravenous drug with sharing needles, promiscuity associated with unprotected sex and high-risk sexual activity after using drugs has been reported by a substantial proportion of mentally ill patients.
In order to examine this problem in Italy, HIV-risk taking behaviour and knowledge about HIV/AIDS was investigated among 91 schizophrenic patients by using two self-report questionnaires (HIV-Risk Behaviour Questionnaire ; AIDS-Risk Behaviour Knowledge Test).
One-third of the patients reported having been tested for HIV infection and one tested seropositive (prevalence 3.4%). A high proportion of patients reported HIV-risk behaviour, such as injected drugs use (22.4%) and engaging in high risk sexual activity (e.g. multiple partners, 58% ; prostitutes, 45% ; occasional partners, 37%). Condoms were'never used'by 41% of the patients and'almost never used'by another 25%. In spite of these behaviours. 65% reported no concern of HIV infection.
Knowledge about AIDS was lower among psychiatric patients than a healthy control group.
Patients with long-lasting illness and numerous psychiatric admissions were less acknowledgeable about HIV infection.
Certain misconceptions on HIV transmission were related to HIV risk behaviour. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Schizophrénie, Prise risque, Comportement sexuel, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Facteur risque, Italie, Europe, Homme, Psychose, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Schizophrenia, Risk taking, Sexual behavior, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk factor, Italy, Europe, Human, Psychosis, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0148696
Code Inist : 002B18C06A. Création : 16/11/1999.