Objectives To estimate (1) the number of current and former injecting drug users (IDU) infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) alive in Edinburgh, and (2) the total number of current injectors in the city.
Methods The number of infected IDU was estimated using a local register of HIV infections with correction for incompleteness of the register.
The number of injectors was estimated by two independent methods, one based on the HIV register, the other by log-linear modelling of four lists of IDU interviewed in a city-wide survey, and/or attending drug treatment agencies and family doctors because of drug use.
Main Estimates for the period 1992-1994 of number of IDU infected with HIV, total outcome number of IDU, and prevalence of injecting. measures Results The HIV register indicated that 371 infected drug users who had ever injected were alive and resident in Edinburgh.
In all, 95% of infected survey respondents appeared in the register, leading to a corrected estimate of 472 infected ever injectors.
From this the number of IDU currently injecting (i.e. in the previous 6 months) was estimated to be 1770 (95% Cl : 1340-2240), and the prevalence of injecting as 8.0 (95% CI : 4.8-10.8) per 1000 Edinburgh residents aged 15-59 years.
Log-linear modelling gave an estimate of 2070 (95% CI : 1360-2800) current injectors. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Méthode capture recapture, Analyse statistique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Méthodologie, Homme, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Capture recapture method, Statistical analysis, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Methodology, Human, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0148243
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 16/11/1999.