Background Previous evidence from the Alameda County Study indicated that residential area has an independent effect on risk for mortality, adjusting for a variety of important individual characteristics.
The current research examined the effect of poverty area residence on risk for developing depressive symptoms and decline in perceived health status in a sample of 1737.
Methods Data were from a longitudinal population-based cohort.
Multiple logistic regression analyses were used.
Results Age-and sex-adjusted risk for incident high levels of depressive symptoms in 1974 was higher for poverty area residents (odds ratio [OR] 2.14 ; confidence interval [Cl] : 1.49-3.06).
Those reporting excellent/good health in 1965 were at higher risk for having fair/poor health in 1974 if they lived in a poverty area (age-and sex-adjusted OR 3.30 ; CI : 2.32-4.71).). Independent of individual income, education, smoking status, body mass index, and alcohol consumption, poverty area residence remained associated with change in outcome variables.
Conclusion These results further support the hypothesis that characteristics of place affect health conditions and health status.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Santé, Autoperception, Pauvreté, Statut socioéconomique, Logement habitation, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Trouble humeur, Perception sociale, Santé physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Health, Self perception, Poverty, Socioeconomic status, Housing, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, United States, North America, America, Mood disorder, Social perception
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0147597
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 16/11/1999.