Quarz : Exposition : Berufskrankheit ? Das Präventionssystem der Steinbruchs-Berufsgenossenschaft zeigt Erfolge im Kampfgegen die Silikose.
Traduction en anglais : Quartz : Exposure : Occupational disease ? The prevention system of the german Berufsgenossenschaft for the quarrying industry : a successful instrument to combat silicosis.
For quite a long time, silicosis has been the number one of occupational diseases for which new pensions had to be paid by the German Berufsgenossenschaft for the quarrying industry (StBG).
Consequently, detailed knowledge was acquired on the relationship which exists between exposure to respirable quartz dust and the occupational diseases silicosis and silicotuberculosis.
The paper gives a summary of the comprehensive data stock available ; it underlines the positive development and thus contributes to the latest discussion about the necessity of lower limit values, and settles the question whether or not exposure to respirable quartz dust leads to an increased lung cancer risk.
In this context, the author presents the situation of workplace exposure to respirable quartz dust in the non-metallic mineral industry.
A complex prevention system was set up to radically reduce the number of new occupational diseases which represent an enormous financial burden.
To document the development of silicosis in the member companies of the competent Berufsgenossenschaft, the article summarises the results of occupational medical preventive examinations.
Last but not least the article gives a picture of the latest research activities developed to investigate whether there is an increased lung cancer risk due to respirable quartz dust or silicosis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Quartz, Poussière, Toxicité, Silicose, Allemagne, Europe, Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Homme, Carcinogène, Tumeur maligne, Bronchopulmonaire, Facteur risque, Médecine travail, Prévention, Article synthèse, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Pneumoconiose, Maladie professionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quartz, Dust, Toxicity, Silicosis, Germany, Europe, Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Human, Carcinogen, Malignant tumor, Bronchopulmonary, Risk factor, Occupational medicine, Prevention, Review, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Pneumoconiosis, Occupational disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0147167
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 16/11/1999.