Hepatitis B vaccination of adolescent and adult high-risk groups in the United States.
VHPB International Congress. Madrid, ESP, 1997/11/17.
Substantial progress has been made in implementing routine infant hepatitis B vaccination in the United States.
However, in 1996, an estimated 6565 000 acute hepatitis B cases occurred, the majority of which were among young adults in high-risk groups.
Recent surveys have found very low vaccination coverage among several high-risk groups, including men who have sex with men and patients with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Targeted vaccination of persons with risk factors for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can be provided in a variety of settings including family planning clinics.
STI) clinics, drug treatment centres, detention centres, jails and prisons.
However, vaccination programmes have been infrequently implemented in these settings and the majority of persons with acute hepatitis B cases have had a missed opportunity for vaccination in the past.
Thus, in order to accelerate elimination of HBV transmission in the United States, increased efforts are needed to implement effective hepatitis B vaccination programmes targeted to adolescents and adults in high-risk groups.
Mots-clés Pascal : Adolescent, Homme, Adulte, Vaccination, Programme sanitaire, Prévalence, Age, Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Article synthèse
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adolescent, Human, Adult, Vaccination, Sanitary program, Prevalence, Age, Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, United States, North America, America, Review
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0146304
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 16/11/1999.