Sustainable introduction of affordable new vaccines : the targeting strategy.
VHPB International Congress. Madrid, ESP, 1997/11/17.
Immunization prevents over 3 million child deaths from vaccine preventable diseases such as diphtheria. pertussis, tetanus. measles and polio every year.
New vaccines against respiratory and diarrhocal diseases have the potential to prevent an additional 8 million deaths.
Assuring that the existing and new vaccines are available to all children in the world is a global health priority.
The health benefits of new vaccines like hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) are indisputable.
In the case of hepatitis B. over 1.2 millions deaths could be prevented each year if children and at risk adults were immunized with the hepatitis B vaccine.
However. despite the clear health need and benefit, many countries have been unable to provide the'new'vaccines. like hepatitis B vaccine, to their populations.
For these countries, the limitation is not the delivery structure.
Most countries now have immunization delivery structures which can provide immediate access to 80% of the country's newborns.
Nor is it the vaccine availability as adequate capacity exists to meet the demand.
The limitation has been the inability of governments to finance the vaccine because of a combination of factors including dependence on donors. donor policy. inadequate recognition by governments of the value of vaccines and. for some countries. the absolute price of the vaccines. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Vaccination, Prévention, Financement, Aide économique, Aide internationale, Pays en développement, Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, UNICEF, WHO
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Vaccination, Prevention, Financing, Economic assistance, International assistance, Developing countries, Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0145700
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 16/11/1999.