Why the Scandinavian countries have not implemented universal vaccination against hepatitis B.
VHPB International Congress. Madrid, ESP, 1997/11/17.
Within the 50 member states of the WHO European region.
HBsAg carriage rates vary from a high of approximately 20% to a low of 0.05%. The Scandinavian countries have the lowest carriage rates in the region (0.05%). The situation in Sweden is representative of the situation throughout Scandinavia : although a substantial number of immigrants to Sweden are HBsAg-positive, acute cases of hepatitis B continue to be seen mainly in drug addicts and their contacts and to a certain extent, in male homosexuals with multiple partners.
Pubic health officials and governments in Scandinavia are unwilling to introduce universal vaccination of infants because hepatitis B infection is viewed as a limited public health problem that does not justify the expense and other efforts of universal immunization.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Vaccination, Programme sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Suède, Europe, Pays Scandinaves
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Vaccination, Sanitary program, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Sweden, Europe, Scandinavia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0145234
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 16/11/1999.