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  1. The associations between self-rated vision and hearing and functional status in middle age.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To describe the associations between self-reported visual and hearing impairment and an index of global functional status among community-dwelling, middle-aged Americans.

    Design 

    Cross-sectional.

    Participants 

    A total of 9744 U.S. community-dwelling persons 51 to 61 years of age participated.

    Methods 

    Multivariate analyses of functional status based on cross-sectional data from Wave I (1992) of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), controlling for demographic and socioeconomic status, common chronic medical conditions, and general health status, were performed.

    Main Outcome Measure 

    A global index of functional status based on self-reported limitations in 17 activities was measured.

    Results 

    Approximately 3% of respondents in the HRS rated their vision or hearing as poor.

    Even after controlling for demographic factors, socioeconomic status, medical conditions, and general health status, limitations in both vision and hearing were independently correlated with worse functional status.

    In addition, controlling for income, wealth, and education reduced the strength of the associations between vision and hearing impairment and function, but did not eliminate them.

    The magnitude of effect of poor vision exceeded all medical conditions except stroke. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Adulte, Homme, Age mûr, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Déficit, Acuité visuelle, Association, Surdité, Analyse multivariable, Oeil pathologie, Trouble vision, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Adult, Human, Middle age, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Deficiency, Visual acuity, Association, Hearing loss, Multivariate analysis, Eye disease, Vision disorder, ENT disease, Auditory disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0139304

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.