Seasonal affective disorders among rural Finns and lapps.
We investigated the prevalence of seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and subsyndromal SAD (S-SAD) in rural populations in south-western and northern Finland by using the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ).
A total of 1710 SPAQs were analysed.
The prevalences of overall SAD and S-SAD were 12.0% and 27.1%, respectively.
Winter SAD (W-SAD) was the most common type, with prevalences of 9.5% for W-SAD and 18.4% for W-S-SAD.
The prevalences of overall and winter SAD did not differ between Finns living in northern and south-western Finland.
Among the Lapps, W-SAD cases were less frequent than among the Finns in Lapland.
Overall seasonality correlated significantly with female gender, high body mass index, high level of education and young age.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Variation saisonnière, Finlande, Europe, Ethnie, Etude comparative, Finnois, Milieu rural, Facteur sociodémographique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Homme, Trouble humeur, Lapon
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Seasonal variation, Finland, Europe, Ethnic group, Comparative study, Finnish, Rural environment, Sociodemographic factor, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Human, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0137932
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 16/11/1999.