Environmental implications involving the establishment of sanitary landfills in five municipalities in Tanzania : the case of Tanga municipality.
Municipal solid waste disposal has become an ever-increasing problem in Tanzanian towns, partly due the prevailing rapid urbanisation process.
As a solution to the crisis, the government intends to construct and operate sanitary landfills for disposing of heterogeneous solid wastes, in five municipalities of Arusha, Moshi, Tanga, Morogoro and Iringa.
The project is to be financed by external donors and already preliminary investigations and design works have been completed.
Historically, solid wastes have been crudely disposed of in natural depressions or abandoned quarry sites in all urban centers in Tanzania.
However, this practice has resulted into a range of environmental and public health problems.
The sanitary landfills technology is new in the country and is expected to provide solutions to some of the existing problems.
On the other hand if the system will be mismanaged, which is likely judging from the existing trends, far reaching environmental implications could result.
As part of the lending requirements from the financiers, an environmental impact assessment (EIA) study of the project was conducted from March-June 1996 to investigate in depth its environmental sensitivity. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tanzanie, Afrique, Déchet solide, Déchet urbain, Elimination déchet, Décharge déchet, Décharge contrôlée, Impact environnement, Lessivat, Pollution eau, Pollution sol, Eau souterraine, Pollution air, Odeur, Prévention pollution
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tanzania, Africa, Solid waste, Urban waste, Waste disposal, Waste dumping, Sanitary landfill, Environment impact, Leachate, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Ground water, Air pollution, Odor, Pollution prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0129968
Code Inist : 001D16B03. Création : 16/11/1999.