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  1. Occupational exposures to body fluids among medical students : A seven-year longitudinal study.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Medical students may be at high risk for occupational exposures to blood.

    Objective 

    To measure the frequency of medical students'exposure to infectious body substances, to identify factors that affect the probability of such exposure, and to suggest targets for the prevention of such exposure.

    Design 

    Review of all exposures reported by medical students at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine.

    Setting 

    Teaching hospitals affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco.

    Participants 

    Thirdand fourth-year medical students from the classes of 1990 through 1996 at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine.

    Interventions 

    A needlestick hotline service was instituted at teaching hospitals affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco, and a required course was created to train students in universal precautions and clinical skills before the beginning of the third-year clerkship.

    Measurements 

    Reports of exposures made to the needlestick hotline service, including type of exposure, training site, clerkship, and time of year.

    Results 

    119 of 1022 medical students sustained 129 exposures.

    Of these exposures, 82% occurred on four services : obstetrics-gynecology, surgery, medicine, and emergency medicine.

    The probability of exposure was not related to graduation year, clerkship location, previous clerkship experience, or training site. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Liquide corporel, Homme, Etudiant, Médecine, Prévention, Infection, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Body fluid, Human, Student, Medicine, Prevention, Infection, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0129649

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.