The three basic surgical approaches used most commonly in total hip arthroplasty are transtrochanteric, posterior, and anterolateral.
Complications related to each of these surgical approaches have been reported including dislocation, trochanteric nonunion, heterotopic ossification, neurovascular damage, postoperative limp, and implant malalignment.
The anterolateral abductor split approach previously has been reported to allow ease of access into the hip joint, optimum joint visualization, protection of neurovascular structures of the hip, and predictable results for postoperative hip function restoration.
Reviewing a large consecutive series of primary total hip arthroplasty cases (1518), the authors report an overall dislocation rate less than 1% (12 : 1518 ; 0.79%). Stratified by preoperative diagnosis, patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty after trauma, or presenting with congenital dysplastic hip are at the highest risk for postoperative dislocation.
Primary total hip arthroplasty using the anterolateral, abductor split approach can minimize the rate of postoperative dislocation in the prevailing preoperative diagnostic categories.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prothèse, Total, Hanche, Luxation, Complication, Postopératoire, Technique, Voie abord, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Homme, Chirurgie orthopédique, Abord antérolatéral
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prosthesis, Total, Hip, Luxation, Complication, Postoperative, Technique, Surgical approach, Treatment, Epidemiology, Incidence, Human, Orthopedic surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0128960
Code Inist : 002B25I. Création : 16/11/1999.