FOR THE PAST 25 YEARS, the US has pursued a drug policy based on prohibition and the vigorous application of criminal sanctions for the use and sale of illicit drugs.
The relationship of a prohibition-based drug policy to prevalence patterns and health consequences of drug use has never been fully evaluated.
To explore that relationship, the author examines national data on the application of criminal penalties for illegal drugs and associated trends in their patterns of use and adverse health outcomes for 1972-1997.
Over this 25-year period, the rate at which criminal penalties are imposed for drug offenses has climbed steadily, reaching 1.5 million arrests for drug offenses in 1996, with a tenfold increase in imprisonment for drug charges since 1979.
Today, drug enforcement activities constitute 67% of the $ 16 billion Federal drug budget and more than $20 billion per year in state and local enforcement expenditures, compared with $7.6 billion for treatment, prevention, and research. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Toxicomanie, Homme, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Etude longitudinale, Législation, Article synthèse, Politique sanitaire, Drogue illicite, Incarcération
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Drug addiction, Human, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Follow up study, Legislation, Review, Health policy, Illicit drug
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0128782
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 16/11/1999.