Exploring self-efficacy as a predictor of disease management.
Self-efficacy is posited in social cognitive theory as fundamental to behavior change.
Few health behavior studies have examined self-efficacy prospectively, viewed it as part of a reciprocal behavioral process, or compared self-efficacy beliefs in the same population across different behaviors.
This article first discusses self-efficacy in its theoretical context and reviews the available prospective studies.
Second, it explores self-efficacy as a predictor of disease management behaviors in 570 older women with heart disease.
Although the Rz statistics in each case were modest, the construct is shown to be a statistically significant (p<. 05) predictor at both 4 and 12 months postbaseline of several disease management behaviors : using medicine as prescribed, getting adequate exercise, managing stress, and following a recommended diet.
Building self-efficacy is likely a reasonable starting point for interventions aiming to enhance heart disease management behaviors of mature female patients.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Maladie, Personne âgée, Homme, Evolution, Efficacité personnelle, Autorégulation, Evaluation, Questionnaire, Modèle théorique, Théorie cognitive, Cognition sociale, Croyance, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Education santé, Changement comportement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Disease, Elderly, Human, Evolution, Self efficacy, Self regulation, Evaluation, Questionnaire, Theoretical model, Cognitive theory, Social cognition, Belief, Treatment, Epidemiology, Health education, Behavior change
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0128664
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 16/11/1999.