Qualitative research and cross-sectional survey methods were used in a study conducted in rural and urban areas of the Greater Accra Region, Ghana, to explore people's understanding of the cause of malaria and patterns of mosquito avoidance, in particular bed net ownership and use.
The study indicated far higher bed net ownership and use in rural than urban areas. which was related partly to perceived affordability and partly to the different contexts of and reasons for avoiding mosquitoes.
Knowledge of an association between mosquitoes and malaria, the most common cause of illness in both areas, was related to residence but not to literacy or formal education, and this knowledge did not predict bed net use.
The paper points to the complexity of social and personal factors implicated in behavioural interventions for malaria control, and questions behavioural models that assume a linear relationship between knowledge and practice.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Ghana, Afrique, Homme, Etude transversale, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Prévention, Lutte sanitaire, Vecteur, Connaissance, Moustiquaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Ghana, Africa, Human, Cross sectional study, Rural environment, Urban environment, Prevention, Sanitary control, Vector, Knowledge
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0128654
Code Inist : 002B05E02B4. Création : 16/11/1999.