It is commonly asserted that while women have longer life expectancy than men. they have higher rates of morbidity, particularly for minor and psychological conditions.
However, most research on gender and health has taken only limited account of the gendered distribution of social roles.
Here we investigate gender differences in morbidity whilst controlling, as far as possible, for one major role, namely participation in paid employment.
There is substantial segregation of the labour market by gender ; men and women typically work different hours in different occupations which involve varying conditions and differing rewards and costs.
Here, we examine men and women working full-time for the same employer.
This paper reports on a postal survey of employees (I112 men and 1064 women) of a large British bank.
It addresses three main questions :
Do gender differences in minor morbidity remain if we compare men and women who are employed in similar circumstances (same industry and employer) ?
What is the relative importance of gender, grade of employment within the organisation. perceived working conditions and orientation to gender roles for minor morbidity ?
Finally. are these factors related to health differentially for men and women ?
There were statistically significant gender differences amongst these full-time employees in recent experience of malaise symptoms, but not in physical symptoms or GHQ scores. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Femelle, Sexe, Santé, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Morbidité, Milieu professionnel, Banque, Questionnaire, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United Kingdom, Europe, Human, Female, Sex, Health, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Morbidity, Occupational environment, Bank(institution), Questionnaire, Socioeconomic category
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0128562
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.