The common wisdom about gender differences in illhealth has been encapsulated in the phrase « women are sicker, but men die quicker ».
Recently this wisdom has been increasingly questioned.
The purpose of this study is first to analyse the patterns and magnitude of gender differences across various indicators of illhealth : second to examine changes over time in these differences and third to assess whether sociodemographic and socioeconomic. family status and social network determinants have any bearing on the differences.
The data derive from nationally representative 1986 and 1994 Surveys on Living Conditions in Finland.
Women showed poorer health for five out of eight indicators analysed ; that is somatic symptoms, mental symptoms, disability among those 50 years or older, long-standing illness and limiting long-standing illness were more prevalent among women than men.
Male excess was found for perceived health below good and extremely limiting long-standing illness among those 50 years or older.
However, the male excess was statistically significant only for poor perceived health among those 50 years or older.
Adjusting for a number of suggested determinants of health had a negligible effect on gender differences.
Further analyses showed that gender differences in illhealth remained largely stable over the eight year study period which saw a steep increase of unemployment for both genders. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Finlande, Europe, Homme, Santé, Evaluation, Statut socioéconomique, Autoévaluation, Facteur sociodémographique, Epidémiologie, Evolution, Sexe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Finland, Europe, Human, Health, Evaluation, Socioeconomic status, Self evaluation, Sociodemographic factor, Epidemiology, Evolution, Sex
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0128559
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.