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  1. Evaluation of four maternal smoking Questions.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    The authors evaluated four questions about maternal smoking during pregnancy for use on birth certificates.

    Methods

    Question I (yes/no format) and Question 2 (trimester-specific design) were tested among 1171 women who delivered at two Kaiser Permanente medical centers n northern California.

    Responses to Questions I and 2 were compared with smoking information provided by participants in telephone interviews conducted during pregnancy.

    Question 3 (multiple choice format) and Question 4 (month-and grouped month-specific design) were tested among 900 women who enrol ed in a statewide prenatal screening program and who delivered in 20 hospitals in four Central Valley counties.

    Responses to Questions 3 and 4 were compared with mid-pregnancy serum cotinine levels.

    The authors evaluated the four questions in terms of conciseness, response rate, data accuracy, and type of data requested.

    Results

    Questions I and 2 were the most concise.

    Response rates could not be calculated for Questions I and 2. Response rates were 86.0% for Question 3 and 74.2% for Question 4. Sensitivity was 47.3% for Question 1,62.1% for Question 2,83.8% for Question 3, and 86.7% for Question 4. The types of data requested by Questions 2 and 4 seem to best satisfy the needs of the broad audience of birth certificate users.

    Conclusions

    No single question was clearly superior. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Gestation, Homme, Femelle, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Evaluation, Questionnaire, Tabagisme, Méthodologie, Certificat naissance

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pregnancy, Human, Female, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Evaluation, Questionnaire, Tobacco smoking, Methodology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0128187

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 16/11/1999.