The purpose is to assess the discriminatory power of the Avlund scales : (1) by assessing the ability of the scales to discriminate between three different populations of elderly people. and (2) by studying groups with a poor fit between use of formal home care and functional ability.
The study included (A) all residents in new sheltered housing facilities (response rate 68%, n=102), (B) a random sample of users of home care (response rate 67%, n=435). and (C) a random sample of individuals not using home care (response rate 74%, n=501).
All participants were 60+years old.
Data were collected by personal interviews (group A) and by postal questionnaires (group B and C).
Functional ability was measured by The Avlund Mob-T scale about tiredness related to mobility and the Mob-H scale about need of help to mobility.
Both scales were able to distinguish the three sub-populations.
The whole range of the Mob-T scale was used in all three sub-populations, and the whole range of the Mob-H scale was used among the oldest residents and the oldest users of home care.
A small group of well-functioning users of home care (n=52) was characterized by good self-rated health, good hearing, vision and memory abilities ; they gave more help to others. had higher social participation, and lived alone (only the women).
A somewhat lager group of poor functioning non-users of home care (n=266) had the opposite characteristics. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Danemark, Europe, Personne âgée, Homme, Capacité fonctionnelle, Mobilité, Questionnaire, Santé, Utilisation, Soin, Etude comparative, Méthodologie, Logement habitation, Echelle évaluation, Activité, Vie quotidienne, Mobility Tiredness scale Avlund
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Denmark, Europe, Elderly, Human, Functional capacity, Mobility, Questionnaire, Health, Use, Care, Comparative study, Methodology, Housing, Evaluation scale, Activity, Daily living
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0127590
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 16/11/1999.