Risk factors for high blood lead levels among the general population in Taiwan.
Environmental and occupational lead pollution is a common problem in both developing and industrialized countries.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the risk factors for high blood lead levels among the general population in Taiwan.
After multi-stage sampling, we randomly selected 2803 subjects (1471 males and 1332 females) for this study.
Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the risk of high blood lead.
To control for differences in age and gender, all analyses were with age-adjusted and gender-stratified.
Among males, the mean age is 46 years (15 to 85 years), mean and median blood lead levels is 7.3 and 6.3 mug/dl, respectively.
Among females, the mean age is 43 years (15 to 84 years), mean and median blood lead level is 5.7 and 4.8 mug/dl, respectively.
Among males, the history of herbal drug use, drinking water from well or spring sources, and occupational lead exposure are significantly different between relatively high and normal blood lead level subjects.
The history of occupational lead exposure, history of herbal drug use, and well or spring sources of drinking water are the major risk factors for high blood lead with odds ratio of 4.62 (95% CI : 2.82-7.55), 3.09 (95% CI : 1.60-5.97), 2.06 (95% CI : 1.13-3.76), and 2.37 (95% CI : 1.39-4.04), respectively.
Among females, these characteristics remain important except the sources of drinking water. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Saturnisme, Homme, Sexe, Taiwan, Asie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Eau potable, Exposition professionnelle, Plante médicinale, Pollution eau, Santé et environnement, Plomb, Toxicité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Saturnism, Human, Sex, Taiwan, Asia, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Drinking water, Occupational exposure, Medicinal plant, Water pollution, Health and environment, Lead, Toxicity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0127589
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 16/11/1999.