Cardiovascular risk factors and educational attainment in Southern Spain : A study of a random sample of 3091 adults.
To analyze the associations between educational attainment and major cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Murcia Region (Southern Spain).
During 1992 we conducted a survey by interview, with multi-stage random sampling, representative of the general adult population.
We calculated odds ratios (OR) and trends by logistic regression as a measure of the association between educational levels and cardiovascular risk factors, taking the university level as the reference category.
A total of 1514 men and 1577 women aged between 18 and 65 years was included in the study.
Rate of response to the questionnaire was 61%. Seventy-eight percent of the respondents provided a blood sample.
A telephone survey on a representative sample of non-respondents (n=347), showed no statistical differences in the level of studies.
We asked for educational level (highest schooling qualification completed), and according to the WHO MONICA protocol we measured : blood pressure, cigarette smoking, height, weight and total cholesterol. tryglicerides and HDL-cholesterol.
We also obtained the leisure-time physical activity by a validated questionnaire.
In a context of a low level of schooling, mainly among the older age groups, the prevalence of risk factors - except smoking in women - is higher in the lower educational levels. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme, Sexe, Enquête, Etude longitudinale, Facteur risque, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Niveau étude, Espagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Human, Sex, Survey, Follow up study, Risk factor, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Education level, Spain, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0127586
Code Inist : 002B12B03. Création : 16/11/1999.