Background Various symptoms in military personnel in the Persian Gulf War 1990-91 have caused international speculation and concern.
We investigated UK servicemen.
Methods We did a cross-sectional postal survey on a random sample of Gulf War veterans (Gulf War cohort, n=4248) and, stratified for age and rank, servicemen deployed to the Bosnia conflict (Bosnia cohort, n=4250) and those serving during the Gulf War but not deployed there (Era cohort, n=4246).
We asked about deployment, exposures, symptoms, and illnesses.
We analysed men only.
Our outcome measures were physical health, functional capacity (SF-36), the general health questionnaire, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) multisymptom criteria for Gulf War illness, and post-traumatic stress reactions.
Findings There were 8195 (65.1%) valid responses.
The Gulf War cohort reported symptoms and disorders significantly more frequently than those in the Bosnia and Era cohorts, which were similar.
Perception of physical health and ability were significantly worse in the Gulf War cohort than in the other cohorts, even after adjustment for confounders.
Gulf War veterans were more likely than the Bosnia cohort to have substantial fatigue (odds ratio 2.2 [95% Cl 1.9-2.6]), symptoms of post-traumatic stress (2.6 [1.9-3.4]), and psychological distress (1.6 [1.4-1.8]), and were nearly twice as likely to reach the CDC case definition (2.5 [2.2-2.8]). In the Gulf War, Bosnia, and Era cohorts, respectively, 61. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Militaire, Golfe Persique, Ancien combattant, Maladie, Bosnie Herzégovine, Europe, Etude cohorte, Etude statistique, Homme, Guerre du Golfe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Military, Persian Gulf, Veteran, Disease, Bosnia Herzegovina, Europe, Cohort study, Statistical study, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0124289
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 16/11/1999.