Background-Discharge planning is becoming an important part of the management of childhood asthma in hospital.
Readmission to hospital, although often inevitable, might represent a failure of the opportunity for intervention presented by a brief period of supervised care in hospital.
Aim-To examine the impact of a structured, nurse-led discharge package for children admitted to hospital with acute asthma on readmission to hospital, reattendance at the accident and emergency (A & E) department, and general practitioner consultations for asthma.
Methods-A structured nurse-led discharge package, consisting of a 20 minute patient education programme and self management plan for children with asthma was developed on the wards of a busy children's hospital.
A randomised controlled trial was conducted involving 160 children aged 2-16 years admitted for asthma over a 12 month period.
Readmission and A & E reattendance's over the six months after discharge from hospital were obtained from the hospital computerised information system and general practitioner consultations from practice records.
Children in the intervention group were significantly less likely to be readmitted to hospital in the next six months than those in the control group (12 of 80 v 30 of 80 patients), and significantly less likely to attend the A & E department (6 of 80 v 31 of 80). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Aigu, Sortie hôpital, Procédure, Admission hôpital, Unité soin intensif, Consultation, Essai clinique, Enfant, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Acute, Hospital discharge, Procedure, Hospital admission, Intensive care unit, Consultation, Clinical trial, Child, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0120213
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 16/11/1999.