Although some clinicians are extraordinarily sensitive to the legitimate roles of patients'families in medical crises, a persistent tendency to equate families with trouble is evident in both the literature and the practice of medicine.
Some negative presumptions about families derive from western medicine's almost exclusive focus on the individual patient in codes of ethics, training, and practice.
Modern bioethics has reinforced this individualistic approach.
Physicians'primary responsibilities are unequivocally to their patients, but a complete understanding of the patient's personhood must include consideration of the significant persons who help define the patient's core identity.
One source of tension between professionals and families lies in differing perceptions of the roles that family members should play and how they should play them.
Members of a family may act as advocates, provide or manage care, serve as trusted companions on the journey through illness and death, and make decisions on behalf of an incompetent patient.
Each role presents potential conflicts.
Other sources of conflict include disagreement within a family ; challenges to physician authority ; fear of litigation ; and differing religious, ethnic, or cultural traditions.
An ethic of accommodation emphasizes the need to negotiate care plans that do not compromise patients'basic interests but that recognize the capacities and limitations of family members. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité, Soin, Médecin, Conflit, Milieu familial, Malade, Ethique, Communication, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality, Care, Physician, Conflict, Family environment, Patient, Ethics, Communication, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0119449
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 16/11/1999.