Waist and hip circumferences, and waist-hip ratio in 19 populations of the WHO MONICA project.
To assess differences in waist and hip circumferences and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) measured using a standard protocol among populations with different prevalences of overweight.
In addition, to quantify the associations of these anthropometric measures with age and degree of overweight.
Cross-sectional study of random population samples.
More than 32 000 men and women aged 25-64y from 19 (18 in women) populations participating in the second MONltoring trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease (MONICA) survey from 1987-1992.
Age standardized mean waist circumference range between populations from 83-98 cm in men and from 78-91cm in women.
Mean hip circumference ranged from 94-105cm and from 97-108cm in men and women, respectively, and mean WHR from 0.87-0.99 and from 0.76-0.84, respectively.
Together, height, body mass index (BMI), age group and population explained about 80% of the variance in waist circumference.
BMI was the predominant determinant (77% in men, 75% women).
Similar results were obtained for hip circumference.
However, height, BMI, age group and population, accounted only for 49% (men) and 30% (women) the variation in WHR.
Considerable variation in waist and hip circumferences and WHR were observed among the study populations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Anthropométrie, Etude comparative, Age, Obésité, Indice masse corporelle, Taille corporelle, Pays, Origine ethnique, Distribution, Masse grasse, Caucasoïde, Adulte, Homme, Négroïde, Mongoloïde, Etat nutritionnel, Latinoaméricain, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anthropometry, Comparative study, Age, Obesity, Body mass index, Body size, Countries, Ethnic origin, Distribution, Fat mass, Caucasoid, Adult, Human, Negroid, Mongoloid, Nutritional status, Latinamerican, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0118603
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.