Evaluation of the efficacy of a hospital-based asthma education programme in patients of low socioeconomic status in Hong Kong.
Background Good asthma control requires optimal medical treatment in conjunction with appropriate self-management.
In the West, the effectiveness of patient education on improving self-management has been well documented.
However, data amongst Asian populations are lacking.
We performed a pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of a hospital based education programme aimed at improving self-management skills and reducing morbidity in a Chinese population with low socioeconomic status and education level.
Methods Our asthma education programme was a low-cost programme conducted in essence by specialist respiratory nurses.
Patients attending our asthma clinic were instructed during a two-hour educational session on the pathophysiology of asthma, its potential triggers, the appropriate use of medications including proper inhaler techniques, and the self-management of their disease.
These instructions were reinforced by video sessions at subsequent outpatient clinic attendance when patients'inhaler and peak flow techniques were checked by the same nurses and their self-management plan re-examined by the attending physicians.
Asthma knowledge, inhaler technique, FEV1 and peak expiratory flow (PEF), and patients'self-rating of their asthma were determined at baseline, 6 months and 1 year after the intervention. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Education santé, Statut socioéconomique, Hong Kong, Chine, Asie, Traitement, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Health education, Socioeconomic status, Hong Kong, China, Asia, Treatment, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0116146
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 16/11/1999.