Dealing with accidents implies that such events have in common the potential to affect people and the environment in a significant way.
Therefore, all parties involved in industrial risk management processes, i.e. industry, regulatory authorities, public as well as scientific and technical institutions, are well aware of the importance of considering and analysing such type of events for the purposes of accident prevention.
Also, the methods of Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) have large experience in numerically expressing the various degrees of risk related to accidents.
On the other hand, the topic of including « near misses » (i.e. any event which could have escalated to an accident) in safety management systems with the aim to prevent major accidents and the occurrence of similar events in the future is relatively new.
Although its importance has more and more been recognised in the last few years, it is not yet a commonly accepted fact that near miss reporting and investigation of near misses should be an integral part of a safety management system in industrial facilities.
In the European Council's new « Seveso II Directive » 96/82/EC, there is - in addition to the mandatory requirements of major accident reporting - an explicit recommendation to report near misses to the Commission's Major Accident Reporting System (MARS) on a voluntary basis. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Europe, Union européenne, Industrie chimique, Sécurité, Risque accidentel, Analyse risque, Analyse quantitative, Gestion risque, Prévention accident, Protection environnement, Législation, Directive européenne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Europe, European Union, Chemical industry, Safety, Hazard, Risk analysis, Quantitative analysis, Risk management, Accident prevention, Environmental protection, Legislation, European directive
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0115606
Code Inist : 001D07W. Création : 16/11/1999.