Structuring the meaning of hope in health and illness.
The purpose of this paper is to describe a conceptual model for hope that captures the personal meaning of this construct within the context of health and illness.
To identify this model, a research tool was created based on the semantic differential technique, a well-validated and often used approach for quantifying personal or connotative meaning.
This tool was distributed in the form of a questionnaire to a voluntary sample (n=550). consisting of three primary subsamples : a healthy adult subsample (n=146). a chronic and life-threatening illness subsample (n=159) and a nursing subsample (n=206) A multidimensional structure for the concept.
Hope, was identified. using principal components analysis.
Three primary factors defined this structure : personal spirit (personal dimension). risk (situational dimension) and authentic caring (interpersonal dimension).
Personal spirit, a dominant factor, is characterized by a holistic configuration of hope elements, revolving around a core theme of meaning.
Risk is primarily a predictability factor, targeted with an underlying component of boldness.
The authentic caring factor has a substantial credibility component, linked with the theme of comfort.
Three distinctive features characterize this model : (a) its ability to capture the dynamic qualitative experience of hope within a holistic multidimensional quantitative framework. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Maladie, Espoir désespoir, Méthodologie, Validité construct, Homme, Psychométrie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Disease, Hope hopelessness, Methodology, Construct validity, Human, Psychometrics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0114953
Code Inist : 002B18B01. Création : 16/11/1999.