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  1. Structuring the meaning of hope in health and illness.

    Article - En anglais

    The purpose of this paper is to describe a conceptual model for hope that captures the personal meaning of this construct within the context of health and illness.

    To identify this model, a research tool was created based on the semantic differential technique, a well-validated and often used approach for quantifying personal or connotative meaning.

    This tool was distributed in the form of a questionnaire to a voluntary sample (n=550). consisting of three primary subsamples : a healthy adult subsample (n=146). a chronic and life-threatening illness subsample (n=159) and a nursing subsample (n=206) A multidimensional structure for the concept.

    Hope, was identified. using principal components analysis.

    Three primary factors defined this structure : personal spirit (personal dimension). risk (situational dimension) and authentic caring (interpersonal dimension).

    Personal spirit, a dominant factor, is characterized by a holistic configuration of hope elements, revolving around a core theme of meaning.

    Risk is primarily a predictability factor, targeted with an underlying component of boldness.

    The authentic caring factor has a substantial credibility component, linked with the theme of comfort.

    Three distinctive features characterize this model : (a) its ability to capture the dynamic qualitative experience of hope within a holistic multidimensional quantitative framework. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Maladie, Espoir désespoir, Méthodologie, Validité construct, Homme, Psychométrie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Disease, Hope hopelessness, Methodology, Construct validity, Human, Psychometrics

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0114953

    Code Inist : 002B18B01. Création : 16/11/1999.