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  1. Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865) ; Hochschullehrer, Geburtshelfer und Chirurg : Entdecker der Ursache des Kindbettfiebers : Retter der Mütter.

    Article - En allemand

    Traduction en anglais : Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865) ; Medical teacher, obstetrician and surgeon : Discoverer of the aetiology of puerperal sepsis : Prevention of premature death of women in labour.

    This historical article aims at describing the role of Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis as physician, researcher and educator.

    Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865) should be remembered as a caring physician and obstetrician, professor of theoretical and practical obstetrics at the University of Pest as well as the discoverer of the cause of the puerperal fever.

    After he recognised the iatrogenic cause of this lethal external infection of parturients in a Vienna hospital he developed an effective prophylaxis, step by step, while working as an university assistant and teacher.

    Semmelweis introduction of this prophylaxis procedure saved the lives of many mothers and children.

    However, the inconsistent application of these preventive measures in other clinics was followed by increased mortality which led to doubts about the infection as the only cause of death.

    From 1861 onwards Semmelweis approached university teachers and the public by way of publications to avert the deadly menace of the puerperal fever.

    During his lifetime he received little or no support from his colleagues.

    Semmelweis'early death prevented him from enjoying the fame his name would later enjoy.

    His curriculum vitae shows an integration between research and education.

    He brought medicine forward by applying scientific methods to medical practice.

    He can be called one of the first clinical investigators.

    His study design anticipated modern clinical trials 1. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Fièvre puerpérale, Septicémie, Enseignant, Médecin, Chirurgien, Obstétrique, Histoire, Homme, Epidémiologie, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Gestation pathologie, Accouchement pathologie, Personnel sanitaire, Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Puerperal fever, Septicemia, Teacher, Physician, Surgeon, Obstetrics, History, Human, Epidemiology, Female genital diseases, Pregnancy disorders, Delivery disorders, Health staff

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0114193

    Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 16/11/1999.