Objective To determine the prevalence of common mental disorders (anxiety and depression) and help seeking behaviour in African Caribbeans and white Europeans.
Design Two phase survey in a general population sample.
The first phase comprised screening with the 12 item general health questionnaire ; the second phase was standardised psychiatric assessment and interview about help seeking.
Setting People registered with four general practices in central Manchester.
Participants Of 1467 people randomly selected from family health services authority lists, 864 were still resident. 337 African Caribbeans and 275 white Europeans completed the screening phase (response rate 71% 127 African Caribbeans and 103 white Europeans were interviewed in the second phase.
Main outcome measures One month period prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders in each ethnic group.
Results 13% of African Caribbeans (95% confidence interval 10% to 16%) and 14% (10% to 18%) of white Europeans had one or more disorder.
Anxiety disorders were significantly less common among African Caribbeans (3% (1% to 5%) v 9% (6% to 12%) in white Europeans).
Depressive disorders were significantly more common among African Caribbean women than white women (difference 8% (1% to 15%)). Medical help seeking was similar in the two groups, but African Caribbeans with mental disorders were more likely to seek additional help from non-medical sources (12/29 v 5/29, P=0.082). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Angoisse anxiété, Etat dépressif, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Aide thérapeutique, Homme, Royaume Uni, Europe, Caucasoïde, Bassin Caraïbe, Amérique, Ethnie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anxiety, Depression, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Therapeutic assistance, Human, United Kingdom, Europe, Caucasoid, Caribbean Basin, America, Ethnic group
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0113815
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 16/11/1999.