This paper reviews psychological research within the context of in vitro fertilization (IVF).
The focus will be on psychological reactions before entering an IVF-procedure, during an IVF-treatment, and after both unsuccessful and successful IVF.
The effects of psychosocial factors on the treatment outcome after IVF and interventions on conception rates will also be discussed.
Undergoing an IVF-treatment is an emotional and physical burden, for both the woman and her partner.
Research results suggest that couples entering an IVF-treatment program are, in general, psychologically well adjusted.
Concerning reactions during the treatment, both women and men experience waiting for the outcome of the IVF-treatment and an unsuccessful IVF, as most stressful.
Common reactions during IVF are anxiety and depression, while after an unsuccessful IVF, feelings of sadness, depression and anger prevail After a successful IVF-treatment, IVF-parents experience more stress during pregnancy than'normal fertile'parents.
Mothers with children conceived by IVF express a higher quality of parent-child relationship than mothers with a naturally conceived child.
Research further suggests that psychosocial factors, like ineffective coping strategies, anxiety and or depression are associated with a lower pregnancy rate following IVF-procedures.
In addition, support has been found suggesting that stress reduction through relaxation training or behavioral treatment improves conception rates.
Mots-clés Pascal : Fécondation in vitro transfert embryon, Effet psychologique, Aspect social, Pronostic, Traitement, Evaluation, Homme, Femelle, Revue bibliographique, Appareil génital pathologie, Procréation assistée
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : In vitro fertilization embryo transfer, Psychological effect, Social aspect, Prognosis, Treatment, Evaluation, Human, Female, Bibliographic review, Genital diseases, Assisted procreation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0113599
Code Inist : 002B20A04. Création : 16/11/1999.