This study compares age at enrolment in Primary School with a range of nutritional measures for 8-9 year old and 12-13 year old children in Ghana (n=1566) and Tanzania (n=1390).
The results show that short stature (height-for-age z-score), but not other nutritional variables (weight-for-age and weight-for-height z-scores and haemoglobin concentration). is strongly associated with late enrolment.
This relationship holds for both age group. sexes and countries, and is independent of socio-economic status in Tanzania (where this parameter was assessed).
The relationship between stature and age-appropriate grade becomes less marked with progression through school, which is compatible with a higher drop out rate for more stunted children.
These results suggest an important role for health in education ; that stunted children enrol later in school and are more likely to drop out earlier.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat nutritionnel, Régime alimentaire, Taille corporelle, Biométrie corporelle, Poids corporel, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Etude comparative, Ghana, Afrique, Tanzanie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nutritional status, Diet, Body size, Corporal biometry, Body weight, Evaluation, Child, Human, School age, Comparative study, Ghana, Africa, Tanzania
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0113546
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 16/11/1999.