Body mass decrease after initial gain following smoking cessation.
Background Although smoking cessation is strongly associated with subsequent weight gain, it is not clear whether the initial gain in weight after smoking cessation remains over time.
Method Cross-sectional analyses were made, using data from periodic health examinations for workers, on the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the length of smoking cessation, In addition, linear regression coefficients of BMI on the length of cessation were estimated according to alcohol intake and sport activity, to examine the modifying effect of these factors on the weight of former smokers.
Results Means of BMI were 23.1 kg/m2,23.3 kg/m2,23.6 kg/m2 for light/medium smokers, heavy smokers and never smokers, respectively.
Among former smokers who had smoked >=25 cigarettes a day, odds ratio (OR) of BMI>25 kg/m2 were 1.88 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.05-3.35), 1.32 (95% CI : 0.74-2.34). 0.66 (95% CI : 0.33-1.31) for those with 2-4 years, 5-7 years, and 8-10 years of smoking cessation, respectively.
The corresponding OR among those who previously consumed<25 cigarettes a day were 1.06 (95% CI : 0.58-1.94), 1.00 (95% CI : 0.58-1.71), and 1.49 (95% CI : 0.95-2.32). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Sevrage toxique, Indice masse corporelle, Prise poids, Poids corporel, Exercice physique, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Japon, Asie, Toxicité, Biométrie corporelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Detoxification, Body mass index, Weight gain, Body weight, Physical exercise, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Japan, Asia, Toxicity, Corporal biometry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0110532
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 16/11/1999.