Powered dust respirator helmets in the prevention of occupational asthma among farmers.
Objectives This study investigated the value of powered dust respirator helmets in the treatment of farmers with occupational asthma.
Methods The study population consisted of 33 asthmatic agricultural workers, 24 with occupational asthma induced by cow dander or grains, 2 with other forms of atopic asthma, and 7 with nonatopic asthma.
The efficiency of a powered dust respirator helmet with a P2-class filter in preventing asthmatic symptoms was assessed for I year.
Morning and evening peak expiratory flow rates and daily symptoms of the subjects were monitored for 3 months without the use of the helmet and for 10 months with the helmet.
Results Objective evidence of protection was obtained for farmers with occupational asthma.
The morning peak flow rate increased and the variation in daily peak flow rate and the symptoms of cow-barn rhinitis diminished significantly during the helmet period.
In the group of farmers with nonatopic asthma there was no improvement in peak flow rate or symptoms of asthma, although some of these farmers also seemed to bcnefit from helmet use.
Conclusions The results of this study suggest that especially dairy farmers with occupational asthma benefit from the use of a powered dust respirator helmet.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Médecine travail, Agriculteur, Poussière, Homme, Asthme, Prévention, Equipement protection sécurité, Casque protection, Etude longitudinale, Evaluation performance, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Occupational medicine, Farmer, Dust, Human, Asthma, Prevention, Protection safety equipment, Crash helmet, Follow up study, Performance evaluation, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0110212
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 16/11/1999.