What is the infant mortality rate in South Africa ? The need for improved data.
To review recent infant mortality and birth registration data in South Africa and to investigate geographical differences.
Estimates of infant mortality rates, proportion of births not registered and proportion of births recorded in health services.
1. Published infant mortality data for South Africa were collated.
Demographic data from national household surveys (1993 and 1994 October Household Surveys and the 1993 Poverty Survey by the Southern African Labour and Development Research Unit (SACDRU) at UCT) were analysed using the indirect method developed by Brass. 2. Birth registration data were analysed and compared with the estimated number of births as identify regions with greater under-registration.
The number of births in recorded in the health services was analysed by province in order to assess and explore alternatatives within health authorities that could complement the existing system.
1. Published estimates of infant mortality for the period from 1990 range from 40 to 71/1 000 births and estimates based on national household survey conducted in this period from 11 to 81/1 000 births. 2. Completeness of birth registration in the nine provinces ranges from less than 10% in the Fastern Cape, North West and Northern Province to 60% in the Western Cape.
An overall improvement from 19% to 60% could be achieved if births recorded through the health services were included in the vital registration system. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Nourrisson, Homme, Estimation, Naissance, Etude comparative, Analyse quantitative, République Sud Africaine, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Infant, Human, Estimation, Birth, Comparative study, Quantitative analysis, South Africa(Republic), Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0109466
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.