The production of mutations in cellular oncogenes such as ras is involved in the development of many human cancers.
These mutations result in the expression of mutant forms of the encoded p21 protein which can potentially serve as a biomarker for this carcinogenic process.
Workers exposed to vinyl chloride (VC) who are at risk for the development of the sentinel neoplasm angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL) represent a model population for the study of such a mutant p21ras biomarker, since VC is known to cause a specific ras mutation in ASL.
In order to determine the relationship between VC exposure and this biomarker, serum samples from a cohort of 225 French VC workers and 111 age-sex-race-smoking-drinking matched unexposed controls were examined for the presence of mutant p21ras by immunoblotting with a mouse monoclonal antibody specific for the mutant protein.
Stratifying the exposed workers by degree of VC exposure in estimated ppm-years by quartiles yielded a statistically significant trend for increasing odds ratio for sero-positivity of the p21ras biomarker with increasing exposure.
These results suggest that this serum biomarker is related to VC exposure and may be an early indicator of carcinogenic risk in exposed individuals.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethylène(chloro), Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Mutation, Gène onc, Sérum, Liquide biologique, Mutagène, Marqueur biologique, Protéine P21, Gène ras
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethylene(chloro), Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Mutation, Onc gene, Serum, Biological fluid, Mutagen, Biological marker
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0104907
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 16/11/1999.