Gestion des biothèques : analyse des enjeux éthiques.
Traduction en anglais : Ethical concerns in the management of DNA banks.
With the creation of DNA banks, short and long-term studies can be conducted on the DNA of many individuals using stored cells and tissues.
These studies allow an analysis of the pathophysiological impact of genetics and help define individual markers predictive of risk.
Genome analysis is thus an important advance in medical science, providing essential information for establishing appropriate measures to slow disease development, limit severity or improve safe recovery.
The use of genetic results may however have an adverse effect in certain situations if the genetic information collected were deviated from its purely medical purpose under the influence of social, occupational or economic factors.
The aim of our study was to analyse the ethical challenges linked to the implementation of DNA banks in France, particularly to see how to maintain the concept of individual protection in biomedical research within the patient-physician relationship in the current context of legal and administrative regulations in France.
In this study, we discuss a set of criteria which should be systematically evaluated in information collection and consent procedures prior to blood or tissue procurement for DNA bank purposes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Banque gène, DNA, Ethique, Responsabilité professionnelle, Médecin, Consentement éclairé, Information, Législation, France, Europe, Génétique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gene library, DNA, Ethics, Occupational responsibility, Physician, Informed consent, Information, Legislation, France, Europe, Genetics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0103794
Code Inist : 002B23A. Création : 16/11/1999.