The implications of a functionalist perspective for understanding sexual risk taking are explored.
Key motivational dimensions thought to underlie human behavior (viz., approach vs. avoidance, autonomy vs. relatedness) were used to identify 4 broad domains of sexual motivations and to develop a measure of specific motives within each of these domains.
Data from both college student and community samples are used to demonstrate the psychometric adequacy of these scales and to show that having sex for different reasons predicts distinctive patterns of sexual risk taking both cross-sectionally and longitudinally ; that selection into specific types of sexual relationships partially mediates these effects ; and that these needs may be differentially expressed, or even suppressed, depending on relationship context.
Results provide strong support for the functionalist perspective on behavior and indicate that an adequate understanding of sexual risk-taking behavior must take into account the various needs and goals that such behavior can serve.
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement sexuel, Prise risque, Motivation, Personnalité, Facteur risque, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual behavior, Risk taking, Motivation, Personality, Risk factor, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Adolescent, Human, Young adult, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0102547
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 16/11/1999.