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  1. Prevalence of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in German professional firefighters.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This study investigated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid symptoms among professional firefighters in Germany and examined not only primary but also secondary traumatic stress disorder experienced by these firefighters who were exposed to the sufferings of others.

    Method 

    To estimate the prevalence of trauma-related disorders, a representative group of 402 professional firefighters from the State of Rheinland-Pfalz in Germany was surveyed through use of the General Health Questionnaire, a PTSD Symptom Scale, a stress coping questionnaire, and a self-rating scale to assess bodily complaints.

    Results 

    The current prevalence rate of PTSD symptoms among professional firefighters was 18.2%. About 27% of the recruited subjects had a mental disorder according to the General Health Questionnaire.

    Predictors for the extent of traumatic stress were longer job experience and the number of distressing missions during the last month.

    Traumatic stress also predicted psychiatric impairment beyond PTSD, such as depressive mood, psychosomatic complaints, social dysfunction, and substance abuse.

    Conclusions 

    The high prevalence of PTSD and other psychiatric impairments in firefighters indicates that they often fail to cope with primary and particularly secondary stress in their daily work. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Prévalence, Symptomatologie, Pompier, Allemagne, Europe, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Homme, Trouble anxieux

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Prevalence, Symptomatology, Firefighter, Germany, Europe, Epidemiology, Mental health, Human, Anxiety disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0101455

    Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 16/11/1999.