Multiple chemical sensitivities : The social construction of an illness.
Multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) has emerged as an important and highly controversial issue in occupational health.
Debate centers on whether the illness is « physical » or « psychological ».
A strong corporate-backed campaign has framed the debate and has pushed MCS advocates into a strategy of « proving the physical » nature of MCS.
Proponents of both positions, however share key assumptions that impede long-term efforts to benefit MCS sufferers, including acceptance of the physical/psychological dichotomy as a paradigm for the illness, a desire to rid the debate of « politics » to allow « objective scientific » data to be amassed, and a view of MCS as unique without links to other occupational illnesses.
While a grassroots movement has benefited MCS sufferers in a number of important ways, the shared assumprtions have impeded development of a more complex reality, reproduced mainstream expert/non-expert relationships, and failed to connect with the broader occupational health and safety movement.
The author outlines an alternative theory and practice to begin addressing these issues, beginning with a recognition of MCS as a problem of developing knowledge within a context of class power.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Industrie, Travail, Produit chimique, Etats Unis, Exposition, Multiple, Exposition professionnelle, Sociologie, Science
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Industry, Work, Chemical product, United States, Exposure, Multiple, Occupational exposure, Sociology, Sciences
Notice produite par :
ENSP - Ecole nationale de la santé publique (devenue EHESP)
Cote : 98 V
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 16/11/1999.