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  1. Government funding of the UK National Health Service : what does the historical record reveal ?

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To examine the historic funding record of the UK National Health Service (NHS) by year (1948-1997), political administration and political party.

    Methods 

    Construction of a deflated expenditure series between 1948 and 1997 from published sources of cash spending for each UK country and by four main NHS budget heads using extrapolated NHS-specific inflation measures for each budget head.

    Analysis of the resultant real funding record for the UK NHS by year, political administration, political party and pre-general election years.

    Results 

    A historical funding record constructed from a number of official sources appears to show noticeable differences in volume levels of government spending on the NHS in the UK between political administrations and between political parties.

    All administrations (apart from the 1951-1955 Churchill/Eden government) have increased funds to the NHS over and above the level of NHS-specific inflation during their periods of office.

    Labour administrations have increased average annual real percentage funding by around 3.75% compared with an average increase of 2.33% for Conservative administrations.

    It does not appear that incumbent governments spend more than the long-run trend in pre-election (or, indeed, election) years.

    The economic difficulties of the mid 1970s (primarily the oil price shocks) appear to have realigned NHS spending at a lower level compared with spending rates in the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Protection sociale, Royaume Uni, Historique, Politique économique, Crise économique, Economie, Finances publiques, Budget, Politique, Système santé, Financement, PNB

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Welfare aids, United Kingdom, Case history, Economic policy, Economic crisis, Economy, Public finances, Budget, Policy, Health system, Financing, GNP

    Notice produite par :
    ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne

    Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 06/10/1999.