How should we pay doctors ? A systematic review of salary payments and their effect on doctor behaviour.
We reviewed the published and unpublished international literature to determine the influence of salaried payment on doctor behaviour.
We systematically searched Medline, BIDS Embase, Econlit and BIDS ISI and the reference lists of located papers to identify relevant empirical studies comparing salaried doctors with those paid by alternative methods.
Only studies which reported objective outcomes and measures of the behaviour of doctors paid by salary compared to an alternative method were included in the review.
Twenty-three papers were identified as meeting the selection criteria.
Only one of the studies in this review reported a proxy for health status, but none examined whether salaried doctors differentiated between patients on the basis of health needs.
Therefore, we were unable to draw conclusions on the likely impact of salaried payment on efficiency and equity.
However, the limited evidence in our review does suggest that payment by salaries is associated with the lowest use of tests, and referrals compared with FFS and capitation.
Salary payment is also associated with lower numbers of procedures per patient, lower throughput of patients per doctor, longer consultations, more preventive care and different patterns of consultation compared with FFS payment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Royaume Uni, Europe, Médecin, Paiement, Homme, Salaire, Activité professionnelle, Comportement, Etude comparative, Economie santé, Soin, Assurance qualité, Revue bibliographique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United Kingdom, Europe, Physician, Payment, Human, Wage, Professional activity, Behavior, Comparative study, Health economy, Care, Quality assurance, Bibliographic review
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0095833
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 31/05/1999.