Social class in childhood and general health in adulthood : questionnaire study of contribution of psychological attributes.
Objective To determine the contribution of psychological attributes (personality characteristics and coping styles) to the association between social class in childhood and adult health among men and women.
Design Partly retrospective, partly cross sectional study conducted in the framework of the Dutch GLOBE study.
Subjects Sample of general population from south east Netherlands consisting of 2174 men and women aged 25-74 years.
Baseline self reported data from 1991 provided information on childhood and adult social class, psychological attributes, and general health.
Main outcome measure Self rated poor health.
Results Independent of adult social class, low childhood social class was related to self rated poor health (odds ratio 1.67 (95% confidence interval 1.02 to 2.75) for subjects whose fathers were unskilled manual workers versus subjects whose fathers were higher grade professionals).
Subjects whose fathers were manual workers generally had more unfavourable personality profiles and more negative coping styles.
External locus of control, neuroticism, and the absence of active problem focused coping explained about half of the association between childhood social class and self rated poor health.
The findings were independent of adult social class and height. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychologie, Prévalence, Etude cas témoin, Statut socioéconomique, Questionnaire, Facteur prédictif, Santé, Adulte, Homme, Enfant, Milieu familial, Néerlandais, Système nerveux, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychology, Prevalence, Case control study, Socioeconomic status, Questionnaire, Predictive factor, Health, Adult, Human, Child, Family environment, Dutch, Nervous system, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0094999
Code Inist : 002A26J06. Création : 31/05/1999.