This study examines an intervention designed to improve needle-cleaning practices among injection drug users (IDUs) in Dayton and Columbus, Ohio, to meet the recommended bleach exposure time of at least 30 seconds.
Simulated needle-cleaning practices were observed in offices at baseline and after an intervention at 2 to 4 week and 6-month follow-ups.
Descriptive statistics, t-tests, logistic, and multiple regressions were used to examine behavior change and the correlates of safer cleaning practices.
At baseline (n=541), the mean bleach exposure time was 13.8 seconds.
At first follow-up (n=410), the mean bleach contact time (23.4 s) increased significantly (t=8.59 ; p<. 05).
At 6-month follow-up (n=83), the mean bleach exposure time (21.1 s) also increased significantly (t=2.98 ; p<. 05).
Longer bleach contact time was associated with higher injection frequency and needle transfer at 6-month follow-up.
Although mean bleach exposure time increased significantly at both follow-ups, only 30.3% of the IDUs kept bleach in the syringe for at least 30 seconds at 6-month follow-up.
Improved interventions are needed.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Homme, Toxicomanie, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, Education santé, Désinfection, Seringue, Voie intraveineuse, Désinfectant, Sodium Hypochlorite, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Drug addiction, Prevention, Sanitary program, Health education, Disinfection, Syringe, Intravenous administration, Disinfecting agent, Sodium Hypochlorites, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0093288
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 31/05/1999.