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  1. A preliminary evaluation of a modified needle-cleaning intervention using bleach among injection drug users.

    Article - En anglais

    This study examines an intervention designed to improve needle-cleaning practices among injection drug users (IDUs) in Dayton and Columbus, Ohio, to meet the recommended bleach exposure time of at least 30 seconds.

    Simulated needle-cleaning practices were observed in offices at baseline and after an intervention at 2 to 4 week and 6-month follow-ups.

    Descriptive statistics, t-tests, logistic, and multiple regressions were used to examine behavior change and the correlates of safer cleaning practices.

    At baseline (n=541), the mean bleach exposure time was 13.8 seconds.

    At first follow-up (n=410), the mean bleach contact time (23.4 s) increased significantly (t=8.59 ; p<. 05).

    At 6-month follow-up (n=83), the mean bleach exposure time (21.1 s) also increased significantly (t=2.98 ; p<. 05).

    Longer bleach contact time was associated with higher injection frequency and needle transfer at 6-month follow-up.

    Although mean bleach exposure time increased significantly at both follow-ups, only 30.3% of the IDUs kept bleach in the syringe for at least 30 seconds at 6-month follow-up.

    Improved interventions are needed.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Homme, Toxicomanie, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, Education santé, Désinfection, Seringue, Voie intraveineuse, Désinfectant, Sodium Hypochlorite, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Drug addiction, Prevention, Sanitary program, Health education, Disinfection, Syringe, Intravenous administration, Disinfecting agent, Sodium Hypochlorites, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0093288

    Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 31/05/1999.