Rationale and design : PRiSM Psychosis Study I.
Background This paper sets out the rationale for the PRiSM Psychosis Study, and the research design used.
Nine accompanying papers present the main results.
The questions addressed by the PRiSM Psychosis Study are : can the gains of experimental studies which have demonstrated benefits arising from treatment by community mental health teams be translated to routine settings If so, are the benefits diluted in ordinary clinical practice ?
What are the costs ?
Method A prospective non-randomised controlled trial of two types ofcommunity mental health service, in two phases : case identification followed by patient interviews.
For the case identification the research team conducted the complete ascertainment of all prevalent cases of psychosis in the two study catchment areas in the index year (1991 1992).
From all 514 patients with psychotic disorders thus identified, 302 were randomly allocated for interview, along with a key informant clinician and a carer.
Interviews were undertaken at two time points, two years apart.
Results This paper presents the socio-demographic, clinical and ethnic characteristics ofthe patients.
Conclusions The people with psychosis interviewed for the PRiSM Psychosis Study are representative ofthe whole epidemiologically based patient population identified.
Declaration of interest Funding provided by the Bethlem & Maudsley NHS Trust.
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychose, Traitement communautaire, Psychiatrie communautaire, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Organisation santé, Service santé, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Méthodologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychosis, Community treatment, Community psychiatry, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Public health organization, Health service, Epidemiology, Mental health, Methodology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0093183
Code Inist : 002B18I11. Création : 31/05/1999.