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  1. Epidemiology of self-injurious behaviour in adults with learning disabilities.

    Article - En anglais

    Background There have been few epidemiological studies ofthe disabling and poorly understood disorder self-injurious behaviour among adults with learning disabilities.

    Method Interviews were undertaken with the carers of adults known to the Leicestershire Learning Disabilities Register (n=2277).

    The Disability Assessment Schedule was used and information was also collected on demographic characteristics, developmental and physical status.

    Results Self-injurious behaviour was present in 17.4% ofthe population.

    In 1.7% self-injurious behaviour occurred frequently and was severe.

    There was no gender difference between those with and without self-injurious behaviour.

    Both the chronological age and developmental quotient of individuals with self-injurious behaviour were lower than those of individuals without self-injurious behaviour.

    Autistic symptoms were more common among those with self-injurious behaviour.

    The association of self-injurious behaviour with a wide range ofother maladaptive behaviours was highly significant.

    Logistic regression analysis retained age, developmental quotient, hearing status, immobility and number of autistic symptoms as explanatory variables for self-injurious behaviour.

    Conclusions Self-injurious behaviour is a prevalent and disabling disorder among adults with learning disabilities.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Trouble apprentissage, Symptomatologie, Automutilation, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Santé mentale, Adulte, Homme, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Learning disability, Symptomatology, Self injury, Prevalence, Epidemiology, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Mental health, Adult, Human, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0092751

    Code Inist : 002B18C12. Création : 31/05/1999.