Epidemiology of self-injurious behaviour in adults with learning disabilities.
Background There have been few epidemiological studies ofthe disabling and poorly understood disorder self-injurious behaviour among adults with learning disabilities.
Method Interviews were undertaken with the carers of adults known to the Leicestershire Learning Disabilities Register (n=2277).
The Disability Assessment Schedule was used and information was also collected on demographic characteristics, developmental and physical status.
Results Self-injurious behaviour was present in 17.4% ofthe population.
In 1.7% self-injurious behaviour occurred frequently and was severe.
There was no gender difference between those with and without self-injurious behaviour.
Both the chronological age and developmental quotient of individuals with self-injurious behaviour were lower than those of individuals without self-injurious behaviour.
Autistic symptoms were more common among those with self-injurious behaviour.
The association of self-injurious behaviour with a wide range ofother maladaptive behaviours was highly significant.
Logistic regression analysis retained age, developmental quotient, hearing status, immobility and number of autistic symptoms as explanatory variables for self-injurious behaviour.
Conclusions Self-injurious behaviour is a prevalent and disabling disorder among adults with learning disabilities.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Trouble apprentissage, Symptomatologie, Automutilation, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Santé mentale, Adulte, Homme, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Learning disability, Symptomatology, Self injury, Prevalence, Epidemiology, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Mental health, Adult, Human, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0092751
Code Inist : 002B18C12. Création : 31/05/1999.