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  1. Underemployment and alcohol misuse in the National Longitudinal Survey of youth.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This study measured the impact of unemployment and underemployment on alcohol misuse.

    Method 

    A panel of respondents from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth was studied in 1984-85 and 1988-89.

    In each pair of years, the effect of employment change (e.g., becoming underemployed) on alcohol misuse was assessed controlling for misuse in the first year.

    Alcohol misuse was operationalized in two ways : elevated symptoms and heavy drinking.

    Three samples were analyzed : a core sample of 2,441 who were available in both pairs of years (approximately 65% male) and two extended samples that included everyone available in one pair of years but not the other (n=4,183 in 1984-85 and n=3,926 in 1988-89).

    Results 

    The 1984-85 analyses revealed a significant association of adverse change in employment with both elevated alcohol symptoms and heavy drinking (the latter moderated by prior heavy drinking).

    The 1988-89 analyses found no relationship between adverse change in employment and heavy drinking in the core sample and no main effect of adverse change in employment on symptoms, but they did reveal interactions involving prior symptoms (core sample) and marital status (extended sample).

    Conclusions 

    Several explanations for these decreasing effects over time were considered including changes in measurement reliability, statistical power, economic environment and respondents'maturity. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Chomage, Facteur risque, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Dose forte, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Santé mentale, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Unemployment, Risk factor, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, High dose, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Mental health, Adolescent, Human, Young adult

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0091189

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 31/05/1999.